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The Solutions Are Already Here: Strategies of Ecological Revolution from Below
by Peter Gelderloos


Peter Gelderloos's The Solutions Are Already Here: Strategies of Ecological Revolution from Below is a compelling critique of mainstream environmentalism and a call to action for radical, decentralized solutions to the ecological crisis.

The Core Argument:

Gelderloos argues that top-down, market-based solutions promoted by governments and corporations are insufficient and often exacerbate existing inequalities. He contends that true ecological revolution necessitates a fundamental shift in power structures and embraces grassroots initiatives already underway.

Key Themes:

  • Critique of Mainstream Environmentalism: Gelderloos challenges the efficacy of mainstream environmentalism, arguing that it often focuses on superficial changes and relies on the very institutions responsible for the crisis. He criticizes:
    • Market-based solutions: Carbon trading, green consumerism, and technological fixes are deemed band-aids that maintain the capitalist system driving ecological destruction.
    • State-centric approaches: Reliance on government regulation and international agreements is seen as insufficient, as states prioritize economic growth over ecological well-being.
    • Collaboration with corporations: Gelderloos criticizes partnerships with polluting industries, arguing they legitimize greenwashing and hinder systemic change.
  • Elevating Grassroots Solutions: The book highlights diverse, bottom-up initiatives demonstrating viable alternatives, such as:
    • Indigenous resistance: Indigenous communities are presented as crucial actors protecting ecosystems and challenging extractive industries.
    • Direct action and sabotage: Disruptive tactics like blockades and property destruction are framed as necessary to halt immediate ecological harm.
    • Community-based alternatives: Examples include permaculture, worker cooperatives, and self-organized disaster relief, showcasing practical models for a more just and sustainable future.
  • Intersectionality and Social Justice: Gelderloos emphasizes the interconnectedness of social and ecological struggles. He argues that dismantling systems of oppression—capitalism, colonialism, patriarchy—is essential for achieving ecological balance.
  • Decentralization and Direct Democracy: The book advocates for decentralized, participatory decision-making processes where communities control resources and determine their own destinies.

Call to Action:

Gelderloos urges readers to engage in radical action, embracing a diversity of tactics and building solidarity across movements. He encourages:

  • Direct confrontation with power structures: Challenging corporations, governments, and institutions perpetuating ecological destruction.
  • Building autonomous, resilient communities: Creating alternative systems of production, consumption, and governance outside the capitalist framework.
  • Learning from and supporting existing struggles: Amplifying the voices and initiatives of marginalized communities at the forefront of ecological resistance.


  • Some critics argue that while highlighting important issues, the book lacks concrete strategies for scaling up localized solutions to address the global ecological crisis.
  • Others question the feasibility of achieving systemic change through decentralized movements alone, advocating for a more nuanced approach that combines grassroots activism with policy advocacy and institutional reform.

Overall, The Solutions Are Already Here offers a thought-provoking critique of conventional environmentalism and presents a compelling case for radical, grassroots-led solutions to the ecological crisis. It inspires readers to question dominant narratives, embrace diverse forms of resistance, and actively participate in building a more just and sustainable future.